How to Use Electric Fencing to Secure Your Outdoor Attractants

The following directions and specifications
are based on a modified design for a 6 ft x 6 ft electric fence developed by L.E. Meadows
and W.F. Andelt, Colorado State University Cooperative Extension Service. Electric fencing is a highly effective way
to prevent bears from accessing your property and can reduce or eliminate human-bear conflicts.
Farmers use electric fences to contain livestock. If it keeps livestock in, it will keep bears
out. Fences are easy to construct and cost-effective, and can protect large areas that are difficult
to secure. There is no need to be frightened of electric
fencing. Electric fences are designed to only cause fear and momentary pain by delivering
a brief electrical shock. A pulse of electricity, sent through the wire every 1 to 2 seconds,
gives the animal the opportunity to get away after the initial shock.  This video was designed to assist the public.
Always follow manufacturer’s instructions and use safety precautions when building an
electric fence. If you are not certain what materials and
tools you are going to need, here is a breakdown of the necessary equipment. You will need five metal “T” posts, three
rubber gate handles, electric wiring, twelve “T” post insulators, one fence charger
that covers a five-mile range, one grounding rod, one grounding rod clamp, and four warning
signs. You will also need one volt meter. The tools you will need include a fence post
driver, wire cutters, pliers, and a screwdriver. Now that you have the list of materials and
tools you will need, let’s go step by step to show you how to build an electric fence
to secure your outside attractants. You can of course modify the fence design
to meet your needs. For example, you can replace the AC electric-powered fence charger with
a solar-powered charger for areas without a power source. You also can increase from
3 to 4 strands, or the size of the area you are enclosing. Keep in mind you will need
to have a T-post at each corner and one T-post every 8 feet. Step one is to define your space. You may
need to put up electric fencing to protect your entire yard or livestock pens or maybe
you just need it around your garbage cans or a fruit tree. Allow for enough space in your fence so that
items you want protected are at least 3 feet from the fence perimeter. We don’t want
a bear to be able to reach through the fence and grab anything. After defining your space, mark where you
are going to place your “T” posts. As a precaution, insure there are no electrical
wires or pipes under the area you want to protect. The next step is to set up the “T” posts.
Drive the “T” posts at least one and a half feet into the ground to insure they are
stable. This should be about what your protected space
looks like. Now it is time to attach your “T” post
insulators. Attach three insulators on each “T” post, spaced at approximately 8, 20,
and 32 inches above the ground. Next, clip the vegetation in an 18 inch wide
strip between the “T” posts centered under where the wires will be located. It is important
to keep this vegetation low at all times to prevent it from getting in contact with your
wire, which could short out your fence. Start by wrapping your electrical wiring around
the first bottom “T” post insulator of your choice. Now run the electrical wiring along the remaining
“T” post insulators at the bottom level. Keep the wire tight as you attach it to the
insulators. When you return to the first insulator, simply
run the wiring up to the second level of insulators and continue this process until you wrap around
the top level of insulators. After you finish wrapping the electrical wiring
around the last “T” post insulator, measure about two feet of extra wiring and then cut
the wire. You will use this extra wire later to connect to the fence charger. Now we will install the gate handles. Cut
the electric wire a little less than one foot away from the “T” post of your choice.
Loop one part of the wire to the back of the gate handle and then twist to secure. Finally, take the other part of the cut wire
and make a loop for your gate handle to hook on to. Again twist to secure. Repeat this
step until all three gate handles are installed. This will be how you will enter and exit your
protected area. Insure that the power is turned off and then simply tug the gate handle towards
the loop you made and repeat until all three gate handles are unhooked. Now we will drive the fifth “T” post into
the ground. Place the “T” post inside of the protected area and a little over one
foot away from the “T” post that has the extra two feet of electric wire you cut earlier. The fence charger will be attached to this
fifth “T” post. You can use a simple zip tie to attach the charger to the “T” post. Now using the extra two feet of wire that
you cut earlier, attach the wire to the fence charger. The wire should be attached to the
positive terminal. Some chargers will state whether the terminal
is for ground or fence. Now drive the grounding rod five and a half
feet into the ground. Place the grounding rod clamp over the grounding rod and tighten
the left and right screws. Using a piece of electric wiring, wrap the
wire to the negative terminal or the terminal marked as ground. Run the remaining wire down
to the grounding rod clamp and loop the wire through the hole where the center screw is
located. Now tighten the center screw. Using two pieces of electric wire, tie warning
signs on each side of the fence. You can also tie flagging on the fence to
make it more visible to both people and animals. If using an AC-powered fence charger, run
an extension cord from your home to the charger and you are now ready to go. Keep these important points in mind:
• Keep vegetation well below the electric fence wires
• Drive the T-posts one and a half feet into the ground
• Drive the ground rod five and a half feet into the ground
• The bottom wire should be 8 inches above the ground
• Ensure wires are tight • Maintain a 3 foot interior gap from the
fence • Frequently monitor the fence with a volt
meter You should now have a fully functional electric
fence. Shortly after this, the script/video refers
to livestock pens and shows them.

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